APJIS Asia Pacific Journal of Information Systems

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The Journal for Information Professionals

Asia Pacific Journal of Information Systems (APJIS), a Scopus Indexed Journal,
is published by the Korea Society of Management Information Systems (KMIS),
which is the largest professional institute in the field of information systems in Korea.

ISSN 2288-5404 (Print) / ISSN 2288-6818 (Online)

Editor : Hee-Woong Kim

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Date June 2009
Vol. No. Vol. 19 No. 2
DOI
Page 43~72
Title A Qualitative Study on Facilitating Factors of User-Created Contents:Based on Theories of Folklore
Author Seungki Jung, Kiho Lee, Inseong Lee, Jinwoo Kim
Keyword user-created contents(ucc), folklore, oral literature
Abstract recently, user-created content (ucc) have emerged as popular medium of on-line participation among users. the internet environment has been constantly evolving, attracting active participation and information sharing among common users. this tendency is a significant deviation the earlier internet use as an one-way information channel through which users passively received information or contents contents providers. thanks to uccs online users can now more freely generate and exchange contents therefore, identifying the critical factors that affect content-generating activities has increasingly become an important issue. this paper proposes a set of critical factors for stimulating contents generation and sharing activities by internet users. these factors were derived the theories of folklores such as tales and songs. based on some shared traits of folklores and ucc content, we found four critical elements which should be heeded in constructing ucc contents, which are: context of culture, context of situation, sof generator, and response of audience. in addition, we selected three major ucc websites: a specialized contents portal, a general internet portal, and an official contents service site. they have different use environments, user interfaces, and service policies. to identify critical factors for generating, sharing and transferring ucc, we traced user activities, interactions and flows of content in the three ucc websites. moreover, we conducted extensive interviews with users and operators as well as policy makers in each site.based on qualitative and quantitative analyses of the data, this research identifies nine critical factors that facilitate contents generation and sharing activities among users. in the context of culture, we suggest voluntary community norms, proactive use of copyrights, strong user relationships, and a fair monetary reward system as critical elements in facilitating the process of contents generation and sharing activities. norms which were established by users themselves regulate user behavior and influence content format. strong relationships of users stimulate content generation activities by enhancing collaborative content generation. particularly, users generate contents through collaboration with others, based on their enhanced relationship and specialized skills. they send and receive contents by leaving messages on website or blogs, using instant messenger or sms. it is an interesting and important phenomenon, because the quality of contents can be constantly improved and revised, depending on the specialized abilities of those engaged in a particular content. in this process, the reward system is an essential driving factor. yet, monetary reward should be considered only after some fair criterion is established. in terms of the context of the situation, the quality of contents uploading system was proposed to have strong influence on the content generating activities. among other influential factors on contents generation activities are generators占쏙옙 specialized skills and involve-ment of other users were proposed. in addition, the audience response, especially effective development of shared interests as well as feedback, was suggested to have significant influence on contents generation activities. content generators usually reflect the shared interest of others. shared interest is a distinct character-istic of ucc and observed in all the three websites, in which common interest is formed by the 占쏙옙threads占쏙옙 embedded with content. through such threads of information and contents users discuss and share ideas while continuously extending and updating shared contents in the process. evidently, ucc is a new paradigm representing the next generation of the internet. in order to fully utilize this innovative paradigm, we need to understand how users take advantage of this medium in generating contents, and what affects their content generation activities. based on these findings, ucc service providers should design their websites as common playground users freely interact and share their common interests. as such this paper makes an important first step to gaining better understand about this new communi-cation paradigm created by ucc.


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